Struvite crystals are microscopic crystals that are found in the urine of some cats. Struvite specifically is a material that is composed of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate. The crystals themselves can be perfectly normal but become problematic when they combine to form grit or stones of varying shapes and sizes. Crystals in cats also known as Feline Crystalluria is a medical condition which involves the formation of crystals in the cat’s urine. These crystals which are microscopic in size tend to appear like fine sand and often occur as part of or because of other conditions.
This may mean the use of ‘microchip feeders’ in multi-cat households. While urinary diets are available in wet and dry forms, most vets will recommend feeding the wet form if the cat will accept it. This is to encourage further dilution of the urine, ensuring more crystals do not form. Luckily, most cats prefer the taste of wet food.
Crystals in cat urine. Urine spraying; If you cat is adequately hydrated, there are minimal chances of your cat suffering from urinary crystals. Water is the most important solution for a cat’s urinary health. This is because crystals or bladder stones do not form when minerals are adequately diluted. Crystals develop due to supersaturated urine and pH (more than 6.5–6.9) or urease producing bacteria. Stones can be sterile and infected. Infected stones are caused by bacteria which produce urease (Staphylococcus and Proteus species) which increase the concentration of ammonia in the urine, alter pH and alter the change in the ionisation. Calcium oxalate crystals in urine can indicate that the urine is strongly acidic in nature. When the urine is too alkaline, crystals of calcium phosphate are likely to form. UTI or Urinary Tract Infections. Humans as do cats and dogs suffer from UTI. This occurs when the bacteria boost the pH value of urine, making it much more acidic.
What do crystals in cat urine mean, and what can I do about it? A buildup of crystals may lead to a urinary tract problem. The good news is that the problem may be caused by your cat’s diet, which is easy to control. And since dehydration can contribute to kitty’s crystal calamity, always make sure clean, fresh water is available. It was formerly referred to as Feline Urological Syndrome, or FUS. FLUTD includes crystal formation in the bladder, which might obstruct the cat's urethra. Male cats are far more likely to form urine crystals than females, but that doesn't mean females can't be affected. Personality matters, too. Types of urine crystals. The following are the most common types of crystals found in the urine: Uric acid crystals: Can vary in size and shape, but tend to look like rhomboids or parallelograms.
The crystals may be dissolved by changing the pH levels of your cat’s urine. For larger crystals, or in the case of an obstruction, surgery may be necessary to remove the crystals. With any kind of crystals, it is important to increase your cat’s water intake. You can encourage this by providing fresh water at all times and switching to. While these crystals may be expelled harmlessly, crystalluria in felines usually is diagnosed after a blockage or cystitis. A blockage is a potentially fatal veterinary emergency, caused when crystals aggregate and form a plug. Cystitis happens when crystals irritate the bladder's lining and cause bloody urine and difficulty urinating. Urine crystals and stones aren't always related. Certain kinds of crystals in cat urine or dog urine may eventually lead to stone formation. The cause of crystals in cats and dogs depend on the kind of crystal your veterinarian finds. In general, crystals are found when an abundance of certain compounds are excreted by the kidneys.
Uric acid crystals invariably form in acidic urine, typically with a urine pH < 5.5. Uric acid is soluble in alkaline urine, preventing the precipitation of urate crystals. The inability of uric acid to crystallize at urine pH > 7.0 is the rationale for urinary alkalinization in patients at risk for acute uric acid nephropathy. Crystals are microscopic precipitants that can develop in your cat’s urine. They’re usually discovered when you bring your feline to the veterinarian because of common urinary issues, such as urinating too frequently, not enough, or having accidents outside the litter box. The crystals shown in the image on the right were seen in the urine of a cat with acute renal failure due to melamine toxicosis. These crystals were highly characteristic of melamine and facilitated diagnosis in affected animals. Allantoin crystals were identified in a urine from a dog with acute myeloid leukemia (Meichner et al 2015). They.
Crystals in the cat's urine are one of the causes of FLUTD (feline lower urinary tract disease), a wide range of disease which affect their urinary tract. In severe cases where large stones form, the cat may exhibit vomiting, lethargy, pain or a distended abdomen. A complete blockage may be fatal. Though the main symptom of crystalluria is the appearance of fine crystals in freshly-expelled urine, other symptoms from accompanying conditions may also occur. Because crystals in the urine that are passed in the litter box may be missed by pet owners, other symptoms may help pet owners discover something is wrong with their cat. Struvite crystals are made up of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate. These crystals and stones are more likely to develop in alkaline urine. Oxalate crystals and stones are more likely to occur in acidic urine and in cats with high calcium levels in the blood. This could be caused by excessive intake of calcium, protein, sodium, or Vitamin D.
Crystals in the urine irritate the cat's bladder and can lead to bladder stones or to a condition known as feline lower urinary tract disease, or FLUTD. In some cases, urine crystals can lead to a life threatening blockage of the urinary tract. Causes of Feline Urine Crystals. Feline urine crystals may develop due to a number of factors. What causes crystals in cat urine? In most cases, the cause of crystals in your cat’s urine is consistent and frequent consumption of dry cat food. Due to the lack of moisture in the kibble, commercial dry cat foods can cause your cat to get dehydrated, and her urine becomes too concentrated. Crystalluria in Cats. Crystalluria is a medical condition where crystals are expelled into the urine. The detection of urinary crystals is not synonymous with kidney stones or the clinical signs associated with them, nor is detection of urine crystals irrefutable evidence of a stone-forming tendency, but there is some association with an increased risk for kidney stones in animals that are.
Urine crystals can be irritating to your cat’s bladder and urethra, making them feel like they need to go all the time. They can also lead to stones, which can cause life-threatening blockages, and cause UTIs. This is why it’s so important to take your cat to the vet if your cat is peeing outside the litter box. Struvite crystals in cats are formed when the urine pH is too high, ie too alkaline. Healthy cats have low pH urine, ie acidic. So how do cats get urine that is too alkaline? By eating a diet that is high in plant based food – kibble, commercial cat food. Urinary crystals are microscopic structures that can be found in the urine of many animals, including cats. Some normal animals can have crystals in their urine, although sometimes they are indicative of an underlying issue, especially if present in large numbers or accompanied by urinary symptoms.
Cat crystals are tiny crystals that can develop in your cat’s urine & may cause your kitty significant irritation, pain and possibly even an infection. The actual cause of cat crystals is not well understood, but we do know that the following can predispose cats to them: